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Journal Articles Physical Review Fluids Year : 2017

Drying regimes in homogeneous porous medium from macro to nano-scale


MRI visualization down to nanometric liquid films in model porous media with pore size from micro-to nano-meter enables to fully characterize the physical mechanisms of drying. In larger pores, we identify an initial constant drying rate period, probing homogeneous desaturation, followed by a falling drying rate period. This second period is associated with the development of a gradient in saturation underneath the sample free surface that initiates the inward recession of the contact line. During this latter stage, the drying rate varies in accordance with vapor diffusion through the dry porous region; possibly affected by Knudsen effect for small pore size. However, we show that for sufficiently small pore size and/or saturation the drying rate is increasingly reduced by the Kelvin effect. Subsequently, we demonstrate that this effect governs the kinetics of evaporation in nanopores as a homogeneous desaturation occurs. Eventually, under our experimental conditions, we show that the saturation unceasingly decreases in a homogeneous manner throughout the wet regions of the medium regardless of pore size or drying regime considered. This finding suggests the existence of continuous liquid flow towards the interface of higher evaporation, down to very low saturation or very small pore size. Paradoxically, even if this net flow is unidirectional and capillary driven, it corresponds to a series of diffused local capillary equilibrations over the full height of the sample, which might explain that a simple Darcy's law model does not predict the scaling of the net flow rate on the pore size observed in our tests.
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hal-01784835 , version 1 (03-05-2018)



J. Thiery, Stéphane Rodts, D. A Weitz, Philippe Coussot. Drying regimes in homogeneous porous medium from macro to nano-scale. Physical Review Fluids, 2017, 2 (7), ⟨10.1103/PhysRevFluids.2.074201⟩. ⟨hal-01784835⟩
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