Spatial and numerical analysis of the parameters influencing potential for potable water savings made using rainwater harvesting: case of the Paris agglomeration - École des Ponts ParisTech Access content directly
Journal Articles Water and Environment Journal Year : 2016

Spatial and numerical analysis of the parameters influencing potential for potable water savings made using rainwater harvesting: case of the Paris agglomeration

Abstract

The quantity of Potential for Potable Water Savings (PPWS) made using rainwater harvesting differs between municipalities within the same region. Three main parameters contribute to this difference: roof area, the number of inhabitants and rainwater use scenarios. This article proposes a spatial and numerical analysis of how these parameters influence PPWS across municipalities in the Paris agglomeration. A comparison between the location of the municipalities, the PPWS value and the values for the previous parameters was used to understand the observed difference. The spatial analysis shows that municipalities (districts) in the Paris have the highest PPWS values, on the contrary, the peripheral municipalities in the outer suburbs have the lowest PPWS values and the results for the intermediary municipalities—in the inner suburbs—are contrasting. The numerical analysis demonstrates a strong correlation between the main parameters influencing the PPWS value; where a high value for the “roof area” means a high value for the “number of inhabitants” and a good mix of rainwater “use scenarios,” and vice-versa. In conclusion, the planning and design of the municipality—building density, types of buildings, number of inhabitants, the city's vocation—are key factors in defining the level of PPWS made using rainwater harvesting.

Dates and versions

hal-01685971 , version 1 (16-01-2018)

Identifiers

Cite

A. Belmeziti, B. D. Gouvello. Spatial and numerical analysis of the parameters influencing potential for potable water savings made using rainwater harvesting: case of the Paris agglomeration. Water and Environment Journal, 2016, 30 (1-2), pp.70-76. ⟨10.1111/wej.12170⟩. ⟨hal-01685971⟩
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