Meta-analysis of environmental contamination by phthalates. - École des Ponts ParisTech Access content directly
Journal Articles Environmental Science and Pollution Research Year : 2013

Meta-analysis of environmental contamination by phthalates.


Phthalate acid esters (PAE), commonly named phthalates, are toxics classified as endocrine-disrupting compounds; they are primarily used as additives to improve the flexibility in polyvinyl chloride. Many studies have reported the occurrence of phthalates in different environmental matrices; however, none of these studies has yet established a complete overview for those compounds in the water cycle within an urban environment. This review summarizes PAE concentrations for all environmental media throughout the water cycle, from atmosphere to receiving waters. Once the occurrences of compounds have been evaluated for each environmental compartment (urban wastewater, wastewater treatment plants, atmosphere, and the natural environment), we reviewed data in order to identify the fate of PAE in the environment and establish whether geographical and historical trends exist. Indeed, geographical and historical trends appear between Europe and other countries such as USA/Canada and China, however they remain location dependent. This study aimed at identifying both the correlations existing between environmental compartments and the processes influencing the fate and transport of these contaminants into the environment. In Europe, the concentrations measured in waterways today represent the background level of contamination, which provides evidence of a past diffuse pollution. In contrast, an increasing trend has actually been observed for developing countries, especially for China.

Dates and versions

hal-00961380 , version 1 (20-03-2014)



Alexandre Bergé, Mathieu Cladière, Johnny Gasperi, Annie Coursimault, Bruno Tassin, et al.. Meta-analysis of environmental contamination by phthalates.. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2013, 20 (11), pp.8057-76. ⟨10.1007/s11356-013-1982-5⟩. ⟨hal-00961380⟩
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