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Journal Articles Energy Policy Year : 2004

Challenges when electricity markets face the investment phase


Deregulation of electricity industry in Europe has tended to start with a grace period of energy surplus inherited from the previously expansive coordinated economies and further amplified by better resource utilisation from extended international trade. The regulatory challenge has therefore primarily been to allocate existing generation to consumers in an efficient way. However, as energy demand increases, due to economic growth, the challenge of providing new capacity surfaces. The Nordic region, which has been a pioneer in internationalising and deregulating electricity, is now approaching this stage, ahead of most of the rest of Europe. While the Nordic case is characterised by specificities related to hydropower it also raises the more general challenge of capacity expansion under a deregulated market economy. The article therefore discusses how the Nordic investment challenges of today shed light on more generic challenges that may become more general European challenges of tomorrow. In a final section, the article discusses policy options available to address the investment/price-hike challenge. The argument is put forward that recursion to some degree of coordinated governance might seem necessary if solutions are confined within large-scale technical systems. However, within the context of a small-scale decentralised technological development, one may be more confident of competitive solutions. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Dates and versions

hal-00716551 , version 1 (11-07-2012)



D. Finon, Ta Johnsen, A Midttun. Challenges when electricity markets face the investment phase. Energy Policy, 2004, 32 (12), pp.1355. ⟨10.1016/j.enpol.2003.12.017⟩. ⟨hal-00716551⟩
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