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Journal Articles Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing Year : 2010

Modeling the lateral pedestrian force on a rigid floor by a self-sustained oscillator

Abstract

The main goal of this paper is the definition of a nonlinear single-degree-of-freedom oscillator able to accurately predict the lateral walking force of a pedestrian. The force exerted on the floor corresponds to its restoring force. The rigid floor case is analyzed, leading to an autonomous oscillator. Even though such an oscillator is a simplified representation of the human body, it should be able to reproduce two experimentally observed phenomena: (i) the time-history of lateral force is an approximately periodic signal; (ii) the walking motion is self-sustained, in the sense that the pedestrian/oscillator produces by itself the energy needed to sustain its motion. This implies that such an oscillator must be self-sustained. In addition, the self-sustained character entails that the autonomous oscillation has a natural amplitude and frequency, representing the natural walking amplitude and frequency of the pedestrian. An original model is proposed by modifying the so-called hybrid Van der Pol/Rayleigh oscillator, already used for applications in the field of robotics. A dynamic analysis of this oscillator is then performed through an energetic approach and a perturbation technique in order to get the stable limit cycle. The model parameters are finally identified from the experimental force signals, resulting from a test campaign on a population of 12 pedestrians: the agreement between model and experimental results is very good.

Dates and versions

hal-00625443 , version 1 (21-09-2011)

Identifiers

Cite

Silvano Erlicher, Andrea Trovato, Pierre Argoul. Modeling the lateral pedestrian force on a rigid floor by a self-sustained oscillator. Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing, 2010, 24 (5), pp.1579-1604. ⟨10.1016/j.ymssp.2009.11.006⟩. ⟨hal-00625443⟩
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