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Conference Papers Year : 2017

Multiphase continuum models for fiber-reinforced media

Jeremy Bleyer


Fiber-reinforced materials are nowadays very common in various industrial applications, ranging from composite laminates in aerospatial industry to fiber-reinforced concrete or piled-raft foundations in civil engineering. Homogenization theory is an extremely attractive approach aiming at replacing such highly heterogeneous media by an equivalent homogeneous material, reproducing the macroscopic behaviour of the heterogeneous composite when the microscopic and macroscopic scales are well separated. However, many situations lead to non-separated scales such as a large dimension of the heterogeneity compared to the structure scale or important contrast in terms of material properties. Unfortunately, both situations are very typical for fiber-reinforced material in which the inclusions are usually thin and very stiff compared to the surrounding matrix . Multiphase models have been proposed as a generalized continuum capable of accounting for such effects in media reinforced by linear inclusions. In such models, the reinforced medium is represented as the superposition of two mutually interacting continuous media, each of them possessing its own kinematics (Figure 1). In the specific case where both phases have the same kinematics, one recovers standard monophase continua. The generalized internal forces of the multiphase model can be interpreted as the partial stress of the matrix and the reinforcement phase as well as the interaction force between the two interacting phases, this latter quantity being work-conjugate to the relative displacement between both phases. Initially proposed as a phenomenological approach and strongly related to the theory of mixtures for fluid/solid interacting media, such models require the identification of many constitutive parameters, which have been related to the constituents mechanical properties only in simple situations. A more systematic way of performing the upscaling procedure from heterogeneous Cauchy continua towards multiphase continua is therefore required in order to use such models in more complex situations, in particular with non-linear constitutive models. In this work, we build a rigorous homogenization framework in which the generalized behavior of the multiphase model is obtained from the solution of a specific auxiliary problem formulated on the unit cell of the periodically heterogeneous material. In particular, we identify the equivalent stiffness of each of the phases as well as the interaction stiffness describing the effect of a relative displacement between both phases. Extensions to non-linear constitutive behaviors, in particular regarding the overall yield strength of such media, will also be discussed. It is shown that such models encompass classical homogenization approaches in the limit of well separated scales and are able to capture accurately the previously mentioned scale effects.
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hal-02434342 , version 1 (09-01-2020)


  • HAL Id : hal-02434342 , version 1


Jeremy Bleyer. Multiphase continuum models for fiber-reinforced media. CMCS 2017 - Computational Modeling of Complex Materials across the Scales, Nov 2017, Paris, France. ⟨hal-02434342⟩
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