, Walter Pudinski, nominated by Governor Ronald Reagan, became the first CHP officer to lead CHP, 1972.

, occupies the fifth rank of police agencies in the United States (regardless of the federal level). In California, the fourth largest police force after the LAPD, LASCP and the CHP

, Although more than two-thirds of the network controlled by the CHP is located in rural areas, the majority of the CHP personnel work in urban areas where most of motor traffic takes place, As a result, the CHP directly controls half of the California's public road network

, The absorption by the CHP of the 400 agents of the California State, At an early stage of the CHP history, its generalist trope has been diagnosed and even criticized (cf., e.g., Senate Finance Sub-Committee, pp.69-404, 1953.

, State California Library, H327 C59. It might be remarked that Rodney King was arrested by the LAPD on 3 March 1991 at the request of the CHP, which had initiating a pursuit of his vehicle on Interstate 210 until he left this highway to enter the LAPD jurisdiction, 1992.

, The measurement of power is always delicate and subject to discussion. We based ours on the simple but very sound ''NATO'' analytical grid (Hood, 1983). ''NATO'' stands for: Nodality

H. and K. Bechtel, It must also be mentioned that in this period the main national figure of police professional reformism was August Vollmer. Chief of the police of the city of Berkeley between 1905 and 1932, he made California a laboratory of police innovation, pp.158-161, 1926.

E. G. , The California Highway Patrol: A Review of its Organization, Functions and Operations'', Legislative Analyst of the Joint Legislative Budget Committee of California, GPS, 1960.

, As early as the 1920s, the National Safety Council's urban elite networks encouraged American municipal polices to invest manpower and competence in traffic law enforcement. In the 1930s, following the excellent results of the Evanston's ''traffic accident prevention bureau'' set up by Franklin Kreml, the National Safety Council (located in Chicago, Illinois) played a key role in the creation of the Northwestern University's Traffic Institute, which designed and implemented intensive training programmes mainly for municipal police officers aimed at creating and managing traffic bureaus in their organizations, fact, as far as our side-researches led us, it seems that the histories of traffic policing in municipalities and counties have taken two different paths, 1936.

, Section 3, Ordinance no. 320, passed 26 December 1922 by the San Mateo County Board of Supervisors

, Unlike most aspects of road policing, the tensions between road policemen and road users have been well studied by academics: for England, see Emsley (1991); for France, see PérezDiaz (1998); for Australia, 1971.

, A Chronological Development of the Problem of Traffic Control in the State of California and the Subsequent Development of the Department of CHP, pp.3-4, 19111959.

E. R. Cato, Chief of the California Highway Patrol, Recommendations for the Future Improvement of the CHP, p.13, 1934.

, It is now explicit CHP policy to encourage captains to develop and maintain a relationship portfolio within their area. For a study of the importance of relationship portfolios in police work, see Thoenig, 1994.

, Interview with three representatives of the CAHP (Sacramento, p.5, 2003.

F. M. Kreml, Report on the California Highway Patrol to the Senate Interim Committee on Governmental Reorganization, pp.500-506, 1946.

, In the investiture address following his re-election as Governor in January, Earl Warren made ''civilizing'' the state's roads a vital part of California's development: ''Our streets and our roads have become places of frightful danger, and our economic development is being retarded

, Symbolically it shows a review of the troops on the Bay Bridge linking San Francisco to Oakland, complete with revolvers and motorcycles. On the theatrical function, See the cover of the first issue of The California Highway Patrolman, vol.1, 1937.

, Among them were the California Taxpayers' Association and the District Attorney of Alameda County, Earl Warren, who would become General Attorney in 1939, before being elected Governor in 1943 (and re-elected in 1947 and 1951), p.1947

, Of course, this type of paramilitary force differs very much from the ''police paramilitary units'' (PPUs) or ''Special Weapons and Tactics teams'' (SWAT), 2000.

, The cardinal values of CHP officers are embodied in the acronym ''CHP PRIDE'': Courage, Honesty, Professionalism *Principles, Respect, Integrity, Dedication

, Regarding the features and causes of the ''semi-military'' organization of the CHP after 1947, see Philip O. Foss (1960: 5 Á6), who emphasizes in particular the emergency situations in which CHP officers frequently find themselves involved

, On the decisive influence of a ''long period of training in a school context'' on the development and maintenance of a ''specifically military character, 2003.

, Murderous Traffic Thug Shoots Patrol Officer: Perils of Highway Patrolman Again Proved, 1937.

A. Abbott, The System of Professions: An Essay on the Division of Expert Labor, 1988.

H. K. Bechtel, State Police in the United States: A Socio-historical Analysis, 1995.

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C. Emsley, Mother, what did policemen do when there weren't any motors?'' The law and the regulation of motor traffic in England, La Cre´ation de la Loi et ses Acteurs: l'exemple du droit pe´nal , Onati Proceedings, 1991.

P. O. Foss, Reorganization and Reassignment in the California Highway Patrol, 1960.

E. Freidson, Professionalism: The Third Logic, 2001.

A. Gammage, The California Highway Patrol: A Study in Administration, doctoral dissertation, 1959.

F. Hamelin, Le combattant et le technocrate: la formation des officiers a ` l'aune du modèle des e ´lites civiles'', Revue française de science politique, vol.53, pp.435-464, 2003.

C. C. Hood, The Tools of Government, 1983.

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P. Manning, Community policing as a drama of control, Community Policing: Rhetoric and Reality, 1991.

D. Monjardet, Quelques conditions d'un professionnalisme discipliné, vol.16, pp.399-403, 1992.

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E. H. Monkkonen, Policing in the United States, 1997.

G. Moynahan, Motor vehicle registration in California, The California Highway Patrolman, vol.1, p.24, 1937.

M. Offerlé, , vol.28, pp.1-4, 1997.

C. Pérez-diaz, Jeux avec lesrègles pe´nales, le cas des contraventionsroutières , L'Harmattan, 1998.

H. Rubin, The CHP proudly celebrates six decades of serving California motorists (Part I)'', California Highway Patrolman, vol.53, p.12, 1989.

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E. Suleiman, Elites in French Society, 1978.

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C. ;. Tilly, . Blackwell, . Oxford, and A. Vollmer, Coercion, Capital and European States, AD 990 Á1990, vol.1, p.30, 1936.

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